Richard A. Cooper, M.D. was a Professor of Medicine in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania. He was graduated from Washington University School of Medicine in 1961 and received his training in internal medicine, hematology and oncology at the Harvard Medical Unit of the Boston City Hospital and the National Cancer Institute. Following two years on the faculty of the Harvard Medical School, Dr. Cooper became Chief of the Hematology Section in the Department of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania and subsequently Director of Penn’s Cancer Center, positions he held for 14 years. In 1985 he moved to the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, where he served as Executive Vice President and Dean for nine years and as the Director of the Medical College’s Health Policy Institute for an additional eleven years. In 2005, Dr. Cooper returned to the University of Pennsylvania as a Professor of Medicine and Senior Fellow in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics. Dr. Cooper was a scholar in both hematology and health policy. In the years prior to his becoming dean in 1985, he published extensively on topics dealing with hematology, ranging from basic studies of membrane structure and the pathophysiology of hemolytic anemia to clinical studies of cancer therapy. Dr. Cooper’s more recent work in health policy has centered on the health care workforce, particularly physician supply, and the role that poverty plays in runaway health care costs. His principal contribution was the development of the “Trend Model” for projecting the future demand for physicians. This model, which is built around long-term economic and demographic trends, led Dr. Cooper to champion the notion of impending physician shortages and call for remedial actions, positions that most major organizations now support. His recent work focused on finding solutions to the problem of physician shortages through changes in undergraduate and graduate medical education and on rebalancing the dependency of the US on international medical graduates. His book "Poverty and the Myths of Health Care Reform" (The Johns Hopkins University Press) written in the last two years of his life and published just months after his death in 2016, is a data-rich argument that poverty rather than waste and physician inefficiency is the primary driver of the country's runaway health care costs.